Ultimate evolution of humans to modern man traces between 5 million and 7 million years ago.Fossils and DNA on modern intelligence suggest that anatomical Homospiens evolved around 300,000 years ago.Ancestors of modern man or apelike creatures walked on their two legs from Africa.
EVIDENCES IN AERCHAEOLOGY.
Archaeological sources as tools,artifacts,cave art suggest that complex behavioural modernity evolved only 50,000 to 65,000 years ago.Skulls tracked brain data while artefacts that of culture.Ultimate evolution of humas to modern man revealed that brains developed before appearance of cultural complexity. African ancestors eventually replaced the non-modern Java man, Peiking man in Asia and Neanderthals in Europe.
THE GIGANTIC LEAP.
The initial tools and artefacts of the neo human species remained surprisingly simple.Those were simply better than those of the indigenous American hunter gatherers. They developed and utilized profilactic weapons as bows and spear throwers,fishhooks,ceramic sewing needles.Studies along the evolution of human beings to modern man said that cave dwelling humans reflected artistic integrity through cave paintings on horses,ivory goddesses,and lion headed idols.Bird-bone flute indicated early man’s engagement in music. Arrival of human race in Australia revealed their mastery in seafaring. Sudden flourishing of tecnology or the great leap forward spoke of the evolution of a fully modern human brain.
ANATOMY AND SKILL TRAITS.
Ultimate evolution of humans to modern man says that bones of primitive Homosapiens first appeared in Africa 300,000 years ago.The brains of such species were as large(in shape and size) as existing human brains.The brain was as developed as its case.The African ancestors might have possessed the capacity to discover relaivity,build telescope,write novels and live songs. Plistocene hunter gathers were as smart as modern human beings..African descendants like Bantu,Barber,Aztec,Abroriginal,Tamil,Han,San,Maori,Inuit,Irish show certain behaviour peculiarities absent in other great apes.All human culture formed long term pair bonds between men and women to care for children.They preened their hair, ornamented and tatooed.
CULTURE AND PRACTICES.
Ultimate evolution of humans to modern man says that individuals with unique cognitions crafted shelters,learnt the use and sharing of fire and developed complex tools.They formed multigenetic social groups,co-operated with one another,taught and told stories.Their morals,laws and myths determined their social status and community positioning.They had ideas on life and what followed death. Behavioural capabilities were mostly innate and human conditions as humane resulted from shared ancestry.
Archaeologists and Biologists might have divergent views on evidences available to study human evolution.Bones and DNA tell about development of human hardware.The tools discovered reflect brain power,culture,hardware,software
Humans probably journeyed out of Africa to occupy parts of Asia and Europe.They faced unknown environmental conditions in the Middle East,Arctic,India,Indonesia with unique climate,food etc.Distinct human races threatened them and survival demanded innovation,remembrance of skills learned.
THE AFRICAN MIGRATIONS.
The African tribes preferred lands with milder climates than Kalahari Congo that were free from deadly jungle diseases.New technologies subsequently altered their patterning of weapons,clothing and shelter conditions with specialized mental and physical skills and abilities.Enhanced growth of human heads accelerated cultural evolution.Agriculture culminated in civilization of millions.Cultural sophistication and level of intelligence determined the individuals and their societies.People started linking within and outside their groups.Societies evolved fast while human brains evolved rather slow.
WHAT THE ARCHAEOLOGISTS SAY.
Archaeologists say that symbolic and creative trending of human behaviour dawned 40,000 years ago as the Homosapiens moved into Europe. Creative explosion was evident on magnificent cave paintings of Lascayx and Chauvet.Findings in Asia and Africa have changed the Eurocdntralistic theories a lot.A new hypothesis of genetic change provided more recent and abrupt appearance of creativity.
CULTURE OR INTELLECT.
Ultimate evolution of humans to modern man says that there is uncertainty and confusion over the origin of modern cultural behaviour.There was a massive time lag between the points when the species first looked modern and when they first acted modern.Perhaps the first Homosapiens emerged with latent creative capabilities which they unfolded only as they needed.They possessed even the capability to invent Sputnik.however they did not have either any history of invention or its requirement.The need rose gradually in response to environmental or social transformations or competition with so called non moderns.
SUDDEN GENETIC ADVANCE.
The question might be put as whether the alterations indicated some fundamental shift in brain wiring or some changed social conditions of existence.The dawn of creativity was the most significant event that the archaeologists would ever detect.The human form remained remarkably stable while behavioural transformations accelerated dramatically.
SPECIES DEVELOPED CULTURALLY.
More and more closely packed cultural revolutions took humanity from the status of a relatively rare large mammal to something more like a geologic force.The turning point in creativity marked the arrival of Homosapiens in Europe and left ambiguous artifacts of abstract symbolic thought.Humans made more advanced tools,buried the dead with ceremony and expressed unimaginable kinds of self awareness.They ornamented their bodies with beads and patterns they fabricated.Gradually they projected their thoughts and living stories in cave wall paintings of deer,horses and wild bulls.A chance genetic mutation effected renewal of brain and speech developments in some crucial way.
ORIGIN OF SPEECH.
The speech capability advanced and evolved mysteriously.Enhanced level of communicability enabled people to conceive and model complex natural and social circumstances.It enabled them to manipulate culture like modern social beings.The Cro-Magnons outsmarted the residents of Netherlands and drove them to extinction 30,000 years ago.They left their indelible cultural mark on the land.
The scientists put forward that Cro-Magnons originated in Africa.They had advanced stone technology and introduced bone tools.Such humans carried on distant trade and had a varied diet,ornamented themselves and curved designs on ocher.Artifacts say that modern behaviour in Africa did not occur suddenly altogether.Modern behaviours assembled gradually in Africa.The African abrorigins exported it later to the other territories of the world.The anatomically modern groups skillfully turned animal bones into awls and finely polished weapon points more than 70,000 years ago.They shaped weapon points with stone blades and polished those with a piece of leather and mineral powder.All such ideas expressed their symbolic thinking.They thus contemplated past and future and able to perceive the world within and beyond themselves. Thinking and communicating through abstract symbols developed creativity,art and music,language and more recently mathematics,sciences and written words.
Congo excavations revealed barbed harpoon points that early humans curved out of bones.Such beings had enough technological capabilities along with their stylistic incorporation of symbolic content projectibilities.However the unique Blombo articles did not justify a revision of ideas about when and where modern behaviour began.The population of such modern Homosapiens was small and probably widely scattered.Cultural practices had been slow to travel among different groups.They tried to start a fire with a very little tinder.It took a certain density of firestuff before it could catch and and go elsewhere.
THE SOCIAL FACTORS BEHIND.
Several scattered documentations find the existence of modern cultural behaviour outside Europe before Cro-Magnons flourished.People around 43,000 years ago in the evolution of human species to modern man made and wore strips of beads. Their rare marine shell ornaments had highly repetitive designs with luminous white or bright colours.They had incised bone of eagle or vulture as pendants.Presumably notable objects of social communication readily conveyed the formation kinship,status as identification marks from outsiders.The societies evidently consumed fewer deer,wild cattle and other wild animals and hunted agile creations as birds and hares.They totally changed their living conditions.Population increase could have pressured their resources and sought lower ranked food sources.
FAMILIES AND GROUPS WITH SOCIAL IDENTITIES.
Families and groups started living in close proximities and had more and more occasions to interact.They ornamented them artistically to determine their social status as a part of shared system of communication in relatively later part of prehistory.New strategies of producing food,sharing ideas and knowledge and organization of societies responded social competition.Latent social and physical capabilities unfolded themselves oy under certain setup of circumstances.
Archaeological studies revealed that the continent of Africa not only spoke of origin of first humans 2 million years ago the modern humans emerged there only as Homosapiens.Scientists identified a few as 1)Homohabilis or handy man lived 2.4 to 1.4 million years ago in Eastern and Southern Africa.2)Homorudolfensis live in Eastern Africa 1.9 to 1.8 million years ago.3)Homoerectus was the upright man who lived 1.89 million to 110,000 years ago.
HUMAN RACER INTEMINGLING.
The supearchaeic Neanderthals mated with Denisovans in Siberian Love Shak and produced typically featured human species DNA analysis of a thirteen years old girl stated that her maternal ancestry was Neanderthal while her paternal one was Denisovan.The Neanderthals encountered with modern man as well.People of African descent did not have any Neanderthal ancestry as their predecessors never left Africa to meet the Neanderthals in Asia and Europe.January 2020 researches showed that modern population across Africa also carry a reasonable amount of Neanderthal DNA.Modern men might have migrated back to Africa over the past 20,000 years after mating with Neanderthals of Asia and Europe.Human evolution was rather a braided stream rather than a classical stream of evolution.
SAYING MORE ON THEM.
However Neanderthals and Denisovans constitutes only small parts of existing human genes.They moved around so much that it sometimes became difficult for the archaeologists to determine their relationship.New discoveries of inter race mating have complicated the views regarding human evolution.New discoveries on DNA generate newer queries.Skills like fire making and sharing probably started by the Neanderthals and they passed it along the groups of modern humans.The lengthy process of human evolution says that modern human physically and behaviourally transformed from apelike ancestors approximately over 6 million years.
They developed bipedalism or ability of walking on two legs as the earliest trait 4 million years ago.Large and complex brain,develop and use tool and language ability evolved recently.Complex symbolic expression developed during past 100,000 years.The Homosapiens were very much structurally similar to primate species as apes.Humans and the large apes if Africa included Blombos or or called Pygmichimpanzees.Archaeologists do not agree on how about 20 soecies of humans themselves or which one became simply extinct.
Fossils and archaeological remnants(bones,tools,footprints,hearths,butchery marks on animal bones etc.) provides the most important clues of the distant past.Ruins were buried and preserved naturally.Rains,river and wind erosions exposed them to the surface.Archaeological diggings unearthed some.Fossilated bones told scientists about the physical appearance of the early humans and what transformed them.Actually series of natural changes caused the species to biologically arise,exist through habitual adaptation and ultimately become extinct.Human evolution took place as new genetic variations in early ancestral population favoured new abilities to adapt to environmental alterations and developed new modes of living.